Contend | Entertainment is not equal to art, don’t let “pseudo-art” make up for it
Having an independent attitude and an independent stand is the belief that those who engage in real art creation and art practitioners should hold.
Original: “Identifying the “Pseudo-art” Mixed in Art”
Author | Wu Mengqiang, Shanghai University of Political Science and Law
Most things under the banner of art are actually entertainment. Even if there are many things called literature and art, in fact, there is no art. Art is different from entertainment. The former is serious and the latter is recreational. For example, in the face of humor, what art sees is absurd, while what entertainment sees is often just funny. However, art is also different from literature and art. If you regard art as something of a niche and culture as something of the public, literature, and art are something between art and culture. Only by distinguishing between art and entertainment, or even between art and literature and art, can we truly distinguish and identify the many pseudo-arts mixed in “art”.
Really return to people
So, how to identify pseudo-art specifically?
First of all, much fake art under the banner of art, but the essence is entertainment, or at best can only be counted as literature and art, all have this common feature: these pseudo-arts active in “art”, although there may be ways to integrate one A thing or a piece of work is very beautiful, even very cool, and even very touching, it often stays on the expression and portrayal, rather than always consciously expressing and paying attention to people. For example, in photography, if you just stay on playing some time-lapse, or shooting some gorgeous things such as sunrises and sunsets, then no matter how good the shots are, no matter how beautiful they are, in fact, you can only say that they are just doing some comparative art. s things. Another example is music. If a singer just stays in the training of some vocal cords repeatedly and pursues the pronunciation that conforms to a certain musical standard, then it is also just a physical act of “art”. Without really letting it return to people, so, no matter how good you sing, in fact, it can only be regarded as a kind of literary thing at best.
A very important difference between art and pseudo-art is that real art should always express and focus on people. This is a watershed in judging art and non-art, or art and pseudo-art. Just as literature should be human studies, real art should also be human studies. This is stipulated by the humanistic nature of art, and it is also where the true feelings of art lie. Of course, art’s concern for people, strictly speaking, still has two progressive levels. Elementary art may only be concerned with human feelings, while high-level art should be concerned with humanity. At the advanced stage, art has truly moved from entertainment to seriousness, exploring the nature of human beings.
This is the first criterion for identifying pseudo-arts in many artistic activities: distinguishing true art from pseudo-art in terms of the object of expression, that is, expressing things or expressing people.
Stick to an independent stand
There is a second criterion for identifying the pseudo-art in Bin’s chaotic art activities, that is, the independence of artistic practice.
First of all, the true artistic practice, or the artistic practice that can be called artistic creation, should be independent. Moreover, the independence of art should also contain three levels of meaning, namely, independence from institutions, independence from concepts, and independence from events. First of all, the real art practice should be independent of the institution, that is, if an art practice or art activity is employed by an institution to speak for an institution and produce certain works, then it has actually been ruled out as true art. . Even if his artistic practice and works of art are very moving, they can only be regarded as literary and artistic at best, not art. This is an eye-catching standard to quickly test whether many artistic practices and artistic activities are true art. For the practice attached to the institution, the artist is not creating as an artist, but at best can only be regarded as an art worker completing a certain task.
Secondly, the independence of art has a deeper meaning, that is, it must not only be independent of the institution, but also independent of the “concept”, that is, if an art practice or art activity is independent of the institution, the creator itself still has With those old, traditional, conservative, and popular concepts, interpreting the world, illustrating the world, and showing the world, then, in essence, this practice that is independent of institutions but still attached to a certain type of “concept” is just It is not really independent creation, but still dependent creation, that is, pseudo creation. For example, many artistic creations with the theme of focusing on disadvantaged groups and marginalized groups, if they still hold a simple sympathy attitude, to illustrate, to speak, and to express something, they cannot be regarded as truly independent creations and cannot be regarded as independent creations. Called true art.