Economic growth mode
Economic growth, narrow sense refers to the GDP growth, namely the GDP growth as the economic growth target and growth indicators; refers broadly to increase social wealth (including increased and the quality of the amount of increase) the way that the value (including the ability to use currency The social wealth that can be calculated and the social wealth that cannot be calculated by money includes both the amount of social wealth and the quality of social wealth)
According to the status and role of economic factors in the economic structure, human economic growth has so far gone through resource operation—product operation—asset operation—capital operation—knowledge operation growth mode, factor-driven—investment-driven, from low-level to high-level. —Innovation-driven growth mode; according to the relationship between economic subjects and economic objects, human economic growth has so far gone from low-level to high-level through resource allocation—resource regeneration growth mode, and extensional expansion—connotation development growth mode. Knowledge operation growth mode, innovation-driven growth model, resource regeneration growth mode, and content development growth mode are the economic growth model of the knowledge economy era and the economic growth model of the new normal economy. The transformation and promotion of human economic growth mode from low-level to high-level is not only the natural historical process of social development but also the result of the improvement of economic subjectivity and the conscious initiative of economic subjects. Among them, innovation drive is the fundamental driving force for the transformation of economic growth mode from low-level to high-level. In the era of the knowledge economy, government macro-control is a necessary part of the transformation of a country’s economic growth mode from low-level to high-level. The low-level growth mode and the high-level growth mode are not opposed; the low-level growth mode is the foundation of the high-level growth mode, and the inclusive and improved high-level growth mode dominates the low-level growth mode. The growth mode belongs to the macroeconomic category. In a broad sense, the growth model is the intermediate link in the transformation of the GDP growth mode to the development mode. [1-2]
“Economic growth mode” usually refers to the combination of various factors that determine economic growth and the combination of various factors to promote economic growth. According to Marx’s point of view, the mode of economic growth can be attributed to two types of expanded reproduction , namely, connotative expanded reproduction and extensional expanded reproduction. Extensional expansion of reproduction is to achieve the expansion of production scale and economic growth mainly by increasing the input of production factors . The connotative expansion of reproduction mainly uses technological progress and scientific management to improve the quality and use efficiency of production factors to achieve the expansion of production scale and the improvement of production levels. Modern economics divides the mode of economic growth into two categories from different perspectives, namely, extensive economy and intensive economy . The extensive economic growth method refers to a method that mainly relies on increased capital and resource input to increase the number of products and promote economic growth. Intensive economic growth is a way to increase the number of products and improve the quality of products, and to promote economic growth, mainly relying on technological progress and improving the quality of workers.
Intensive economic growth:
Relying on the optimal combination of production factors, through improving the quality and use efficiency of production factors, through technological progress, improving the quality of labor, and increasing the utilization rate of funds, equipment, and raw materials. The essence of this economic growth mode is to improve the quality of economic growth and economic efficiency as the core. The distinction between extensive and intensive growth is based on the management perspective. From the perspective of the realization of the expansion of production scale, it can be divided into extended reproduction of extension and extended reproduction of connotation.
Extensive economic growth:
In the production factors case of quality, structure, efficiency, and technical level unchanged, it relies heavily on investment and expansion factors of production to achieve economic growth. The essence of this model of economic growth is based on the growth rate of quantity.
The extensive economy is the opposite of an intensive economy. Intensive economic growth mode refers to the use of new technologies, new processes, improved machinery and equipment, and increased scientific and technological content to increase production on the basis of the same scale of production. This model of economic growth is also called a connotative growth mode. In modern times, an intensive economy is advocated. For example, the development direction of Northeast animal husbandry is to develop intensification.
In the production factors case of quality, structure, efficiency and technical level unchanged, relying on economic growth, significant investment and expansion factors of production to achieve. The essence of this economic growth mode is based on the growth rate of quantity as the core